The production of decorative and design works by Kilpin reflects Arts
and Crafts and Art Nouveau influences in his work and training.
With the establishment of the Arts and Crafts movement in Great Britain
in the 1880s, a number of artists executed designs and decorative
work for industry and for private individuals. Artists were encouraged
to experiment in design and receive training in the crafts after the
first Great Exhibition at the Crystal Palace in London in 1851, and
many artists sought to elevate the status of craft to the level of
fine art. The National Arts Training School system, where Kilpin was
educated, included training in lettering and illumination and art
students might find employment working for publishers and newspapers.